The Location of The District:
Aliağa, a district of Izmir, is located on the shore of the Aegean Sea. The district is surrounded by Dumanlı Mountain to the South-East and Yunt Mountain to the North-East and the Aegean Sea to the west.
The district is located between the latitudes 38 Degrees 56 North, 37 Degrees south and decencies 26 degrees 53 Minutes West, 27 Degrees 10 Minutes East.
Aliaga, due to the Zoning Plans and housing policies implemented, has started to expand in the North / South direction at first, while it has started to expand in the East direction in recent years; new housing areas are being deployed in this direction. The area of Aliaga is 412.5 km2.
The industrial district of Izmir is Aliağa; It is bordered by Manisa to the east, Pergamon to the North, Menemen to the South, Foça to the south-west. Izmir-Çanakkale highway passes through the city and Izmir is reached in 45 minutes from the district by this highway, which has a double round trip.
Improvement works are also underway on the railway line between Aliağa and Izmir. dec. With the construction of the railway track and the high-speed train project, which is continuing with the double round trip line works, rail transportation will be an important alternative to the highway. It is accessible by all the villages of Aliağa and the road of all these villages is paved.
The district is dominated by a temperate Mediterranean climate. Winters are usually rainy, while summers are dry. In winter, the northern winds prevail. In summer, the Imbat blowing from the west brings coolness to the district. The average temperature in the dec is between 24-27 degrees. It is observed that this temperature exceeds 35 C during the day. The average temperature of the winter months is 7 C. The coldest month in Aliaga is January.
It is the only stream flowing within the district boundaries. It originates in the Yunt mountains and flows without drying out summer- winter. The products grown in the surrounding plains are used for irrigation and there is Güzelhisar Dam on it. The highest flow rate was 5.70 m3/sec and the average flow rate was 3.71 m3/sec.
Aliaga is under the influence of a typical Mediterranean climate. Forests have been almost destroyed due to overgrazing, fire and field opening for centuries. The forests have been replaced by maki-type plants such as juniper, fir, gum, akca cut, mule claw, rosary. There are 9500 acres of kızılçam forest near Bozköy alone. The kızı Decçam forest between the villages of Samurlu and Güzelhisar is in formation.
With the reforestation campaigns organized with the efforts of various institutions, new forest areas are being tried to be created in various parts of the district. The district is generally lush in summer and winter. The terrain of Aliaga is partly flat, partly mountainous.
Mountains and Plains:
There are horst zones, where mountain ranges run into each other and are located between a number of decadent pits perpendicular to the shore. The Yunt mountains, located further south of the Bakırçay Plain, are located to the north of Aliağa. To the south is the Smoky mountain, the height of which reaches 1098 meters. Apart from these, there are also mountains and hills such as Karahasan Mountain (423), Dedetaşı Mountain (341), Ardış Hill (334), Akademik Mountain (497), Halkalı Hill (789), Sıdırdım Mountain (610) and Karagöl Hill.
To the north of the Gediz River is the Halvacı Plain, which is a first-degree agricultural region. Güzelhisar çayı plain is the second fertile area where agriculture is carried out.
In order to ensure the water needs of Petkim and other Industrial facilities, a construction installation has been made by Petkim and the right to operate D.S.I.it is the main source of water that is in it was opened for business in 1981 and has a volume of 158 million m3. Drinking, using and industrial water is provided from Güzelhisar Dam.
The precipitation area is 450 km2, and the average annual precipitation is 561 kg/m2. The minimum water level is 63 m., the normal water level is 104 m. The maximum water level is 107 m. The dam, which takes its source from Güzelhisar Stream, has a length of 14.207.
The water of Güzelhisar Dam is delivered to the Petkim Site via a 1.400 mm diameter transmission line, and it is treated and used at the facility here. After global warming and, accordingly, the rapid depletion of water resources, Izmir Metropolitan Municipality included dam water in the city water system in July 2008.